Stages of Group Development: Fostering Collaboration & Teamwork

If you notice a few team members not participating, the easiest thing to do is to prompt them for their thoughts and ideas. The stages of group development in organizational behavior and management comprise the theory of team development. In other words, it’s a group-forming model that consists of 5 distinct phases. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members.

the four main stages of group development are

When your team learns more context about what’s required of them in this stage, they’ll feel more confident. If you reflect on them, they’ll tell you a cohesive story about their strengths, needs and performance. Understand your people’s needs and make team management your greatest strength. It requires a group to undergo different stages that are not always easy to overcome. Bruce Tuckman divided this process into 5 stages and provided characteristics, typical for each stage.

What Are the Eight Stages of Human Development?

Equilibration helps explain how children can move from one stage of thought to the next. Children become much more skilled at pretend play during this stage of development, yet they continue to think very concretely about the world around them. After all, their ability to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals is a reflection of a management job well done. They’ll look to you for guidance and support, and when you establish a trusting two-way conversation, you’ll pave the way towards their professional growth.

In the reproduction stage, people develop the ability to imitate the behaviors they want to reproduce, and in the motivation stage, they perform these behaviors. In middle adulthood, people tend to struggle with their contributions to society. Those who feel that they’re contributing experience generativity, which is the sense of leaving a legacy. On the other hand, those who don’t feel that their work or lives matter may experience feelings of stagnation. For example, a middle-aged adult who’s raising a family and working in a career that presumably helps people may feel more fulfilled than an adult who’s working at a day job that feels meaningless. A child is in a state of disequilibrium until they accommodate the new object or experience into their existing schema.

Moral Development

During this stage, children build on object permanence and continue to develop abstract mental processes. This means they can think about things beyond the physical world, such as things that happened in the past. When a child has object permanence, it means they can now form a mental image, or representation, of an object instead of only reacting to experiences in their immediate environment. Infants gather information about these experiences, learning how different things make them feel.

the four main stages of group development are

Such issues can relate to things like the group’s tasks, individual roles and responsibilities or even with the group members themselves. During this time, group members experience conflict and a lack of productivity as leaders emerge and ideas are exchanged. Group members are more confident in their abilities than during the previous forming phase, meaning that disagreements will be established and a power struggle will likely occur. Members may also deviate from their originally assigned roles as they explore their own methods of completing a task.

Tuckman’s stages of group development

A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal. The first stage of group development is known as the forming stage — a time when the group is just starting to come together and is characterized by anxiety and uncertainty. Members are cautious with their behavior, which is driven by the four main stages of group development are the desire to be accepted by all members of the group. Conflict, controversy, and personal opinions are avoided even though members are beginning to form impressions of each other and gain an understanding of what the group will do together. Some believe this cautious behavior prevents the group from getting any real work done.

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It’s no longer a game of cat and mouse where team members try to catch each other’s errors and criticize them. For example, Stella allows the rest of the team to suggest topics and angles for new articles more often. In some cases, the Norming Stage may often be intersected by the Storming Stage. It may even revert to it unless the team makes the effort to communicate problems — and then learn from these interactions. Finally, revisions are made, and Stella is happy with the first articles — she tells the writers to continue along similar lines in the future. Yet, she also asks them to try to be less witty as they are writing for a serious B2B audience.

Concrete operational stage (ages 7-

While thinking becomes much more logical during the concrete operational state, it can also be very rigid. Kids at this point in development tend to struggle with abstract and hypothetical concepts. Based on his observations, he concluded that children were not less intelligent than adults—they simply think differently.

the four main stages of group development are

Writers Adam and Daniel confront the editor Stella head-on, expressing their frustration with the way she handled their ideas in the previous stage. Luckily, Stella sees she has taken unnecessary control over the process and tries to course-correct by establishing clearer expectations. With that in mind, this is probably one of the most unstable of the 5 stages of group development. In other words, any team setting that requires high performance can benefit from using this model. In other words, the energy levels reach their ultimate low in the Storming Stage because the struggle to find the leader and build some structure creates frustration and mood fluctuations. Explore the possibility to hire a dedicated R&D team that helps your company to scale product development.


However, the focus for group members during the forming stage is to become familiar with each other and their purpose, not on work. If teams get through the storming stage, conflict is resolved and some degree of unity emerges. In the norming stage, consensus develops around who the leader or leaders are, and individual member’s roles. Interpersonal differences begin to be resolved, and a sense of cohesion and unity emerges. Team performance increases during this stage as members learn to cooperate and begin to focus on team goals.

  • Even the most successful groups, committees, and project teams disband sooner or later.
  • Team performance may actually decrease in this stage because energy is put into unproductive activities.
  • They also learn to tell the difference between people, objects, textures, and sights.
  • Once a group receives the clarity that it so desperately needs, it can move on to the third stage of group development, known as the norming stage.
  • Still, it can be hard to understand what healthy development is at each age and stage of a child’s life.
  • Team members are able to prevent or solve problems in the team’s process or in the team’s progress.
  • The leader of the team will then describe the tasks to the group, describe the different behaviours to the group and how to deal and handle complaints.

Roles on the team may have become more fluid, with members taking on various roles and responsibilities as needed. Differences among members are appreciated and used to enhance the team’s performance. During the Norming stage, members shift their energy to the team’s goals and show an increase in productivity, in both individual and collective work. The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. The behavioral theory focuses solely on a person’s behaviors rather than the feelings that go alongside those behaviors.

Production or People: What Should Pastors Prioritize?

The storming stage is where conflict and competition are at its greatest because group members feel confident and begin to address some of the more important issues surrounding the group. During the storming phase, all members have an increased need for clarification before they are able to move on to the next stage. In the in the third stage, norming, co-ordinators are still needed to facilitate the groups decisions.

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